In a world of Industry 4.0, digital twins, and digital manufacturing, are Andons still relevant? Yes!
The core purpose of Andons - operators and supervisors working together to resolve the root cause of problems as they occur - is still very relevant.
Andon Systems stay true to their Andon counterparts by working through the same three core elements: signal, alert, and resolve.
A Digital Andon System goes one step further by integrating an IoT device, which also functions as an enabling technology for digital manufacturing. It includes the following elements:
How are the elements of a Digital Andon System integrated? Through the IoT device.
The IoT device functions as the hub of the system, serving as an Andon monitoring system:
The IoT device can also serve as an edge computing node, in which case it communicates curated information to a cloud platform. Either the IoT device or the cloud platform can use Andon System software to generate digital alerts (e.g., email and text notifications), as well as real-time reporting and analytics that can be helpful when resolving issues.
Operators are an essential part of the Digital Andon System. They serve as the primary observers and leverage technology to respond even more effectively to emerging problems.
Let’s take a look at each of the elements of the Digital Andon System in more detail.
The IoT device is the foundation of the Digital Andon System. It’s also what enables you access digital manufacturing features as part of the solution.
Most manufacturing plants have a significant amount of legacy equipment for which it is challenging to apply digital manufacturing techniques and tools. However, a very effective approach is to place an IoT device at each line that is designed for exactly this type of application. In other words, the IoT device is an off-the-shelf device that already has the needed functionality.
The IoT device acts as a “digital hub,” connecting sensors, a scoreboard, and optionally, a cloud platform. It can also store real-time and historical production data and distribute that information to clients as needed.
When connected to a cloud platform, the IoT device functions as an edge computing node. Edge computing nodes process data at the edge of your network, as close to the originating source of the data as possible (in this case the manufacturing line), before securely transmitting it outside of your network. This network architecture greatly reduces the amount of network traffic (by several orders of magnitude) and is also significantly more robust in the face of adverse events like network outages.
We recommend a cycle sensor (Andon signal) and a scoreboard (Andon alert) as the minimum starting point for a Digital Andon System. The preferred implementation is three sensors, as we describe in the next section.
Sensors provide the “signal” element of the Digital Andon System. They connect to the IoT device, which automatically “pulls the Andon cord" to signal when there is a problem.
The most important sensor for a Digital Andon System is the cycle sensor. The cycle sensor monitors cycles at the constraint of your production line and automatically detects abnormalities such as slow cycles, small stops, and down events.
However, with three sensors connected to the IoT device you can generate 100+ manufacturing metrics including OEE, TEEP, and Six Big Losses. The three sensors are:
Operators still have a significant role to play as observers, but with a Digital Andon System their observations are supplemented by real-time data directly from the manufacturing process. Sensors and operators work together to enhance the Andon signal element and promote data-driven decisions.
The scoreboard provides the “alert” element of the Digital Andon System. It can be driven directly by the IoT device to deliver robust real-time plant floor intelligence to operators.
As an Andon display, the scoreboard should at minimum indicate the following information:
As an Andon display system, the scoreboard can provide additional insights to operators. Here are a few examples:
Keep scoreboard screens simple to ensure you are supporting operators with focused, curated information rather than overwhelming them with details they don’t need. We can’t stress this enough!
Traditional Andons use Andon lights as alert mechanisms. A Digital Andon System supplements this with push notifications such as texts and emails.
Push notifications can be sent directly from the IoT device or from a connected cloud application. The cloud application is often a better choice for push notifications because of centralized management.
Another useful feature of push notifications is automatic escalation. As an adverse event lengthens - so does the pool of people that should be informed and involved in a fix.
A Digital Andon System can provide two types of Andon-related analytics and reporting:
Virtual Andon boards provide an enhanced "Andon" view that is still clearly in the spirit of the traditional Andon. As such, it should be simple, impactful, and clear, making it easy to see where attention is needed on the plant floor.
Context analytics provides information about the time leading to the most recent event. For example, a top losses report summarizes sources of lost production time. In this case, slow cycles have been by far the most significant problem.
As another example, a chronogram visually shows time leading to the most recent event using the same colors as a traditional Andon.
Analytics and reporting should echo Andons with simple, consistent, and instantaneous communication:
Andon systems have a number of unique benefits: